Land & Soil

The soils consist of the well known bundelkhand varieties, Mar, Kabar, Parua and Rakar. Mar is often called black cottor soil. Its varies greatly in colour. It contains small lumps of kankar. Kabar range from a rich dark black to light brown. Its chief characteristics is its extreme adhesiveness, which causes it to quickly dry and cake in to hard blocks. Parua is a light coloured sandy soil, found in many forms. It is usually less rich in organic matter, but its finer texture makes it more responsive to manure and irrigation. Raker is refuse soil which occurs on sloping ground, where the action of water has tended to denude the earth of all its better qualities.

Land Use Pattern

Category Area in Heatare Percentage Area
Total Reporting area 415948 100
Area under forest 23520 5.6
Non Agricultural Area 31094 7.4
Net Sown Area 324935 78.1


Only 27.7% land are irrigated land in hamirpur. The distribution of area of land irrigated by different sources of irrigation are as under. Canals are the main source of irrigation and are constructed by the different rivers like Yamuna, Betwa, Dashan, Barma, Ken, Chandrawal and Pandwaha.
Sources Area Irrigated (Hectare) Percentage Area
Canal 24920 28.7
Tubewells 34049 39.2
Wells 22805 26.3
Ponds 539 0.6
Other Sources 4561 5.2
Total 93302 100.0


There are three harvests, the autumn or Kharif have usually known as siyari, and the spring or Rabi as Unhari. The Ziad or extra harvest is insignificabt in this area. Gram, Wheat, Barley, Peas, Arhar and Masoor are the main crops of Rabi. Jwar, Rice, Bajra, Urd, Moong and Moth are the main crops of Kharif. Melon, water-melon, bitter guard, pumpkin are the main crops of Zaid
Crop Area Sown (Hectare) Percentage Area
Gram 93974 26.5
Wheat 83658 23.6
Masoor 58208 16.4
Jwar 36657 10.3
Urd 23318 6.6
Pea 19558 5.5
Tilhan 15657 4.4
Arhar 12995 3.7
Others 10740 3.0
(Source : Sankhikiya Patrika )