Location, Boundaries :
The district lies between Lattitude 25.7913° N and Longitude 80.0088° E including Mahoba district. Hamirpur is bounded by districts Jalaun (Orai), Kanpur and Fatehpur in north, Banda in east, Mahoba in south and Districts of Jhansi and Jalaun on the West.
According to the Central Statistical Organization the district covers 4,121.9 sq. km.
In the south numerous outcrops of gneiss rocks, tending to cluster into low ranges. surrounded by uneven broken tracts and covered for the most part with stunted jungle are succeeded by a more level tract in which the hills grow sparser. Now approximately all hill area have come under newly created district-Mahobha.
Yamuna : This river forms north boundry of the district. The river first touches the district at the vilage Haraulipur in tehsil Hamirpur, where it forms a sudden loop. Flowing then east to Jamrehi Tir, it curves abruptly south to Sikrohi and then continues south-east part Hamirpur to Baragaon where the Betwa joins it.Its length in Hamirpur district is approximately 56 km. Betwa : This river flows along the north-western border of the District from the point where the Dhasan joins it to the village of Kuprat separating tehsil Rath from district Jalaun. It enters the district near the village of Beri and flows separating tehsils Rath and Maudaha from tehsil Hamirpur. Its length in Hamirpur district is approximately 65 km. Other rivers lying in the district are Dhasaan, Barma, Ken, Chndraval and Pandwaha. These rivers are used for irrigation purpose. A dam named Swami Bramhananad Dam (Moudaha Dam) has been constructed on the river Barma.
No earthquake has been observed in the district during last 200 years. The district has, however experienced on a few occasions earthquakes originating in the Himalayan boundary fault zone., Moradabad fault and Narmada Tapti fault zones.
The Climate of the district is characterized by an intensely hot summer, a pleasant cold season . The summer season from March to about middle of June is followed by the south-west monsoon season from mid-June to the end of September. October and first half of November consititute the post-monsoon period. The cold season is from mid-November to February.
May and the begining of June are generally the hottest period of the year and maximum temperature in May is about 43º C and minimum about 28ºC. The heat during the summer is intense.The maximum temperature on individual days sometimes reaches 45ºC or more. During Cold season minimum temperature sometimes drops down to about 2 or 3ºC.
(Source – District Gazetter)