Land Soil :
The soils consist of the well known bundelkhand varieties, Mar, Kabar, Parua and Rakar. Mar is often called black cottor soil. Its varies greatly in colour. It contains small lumps of kankar. Kabar range from a rich dark black to light brown. Its chief characteristics is its extreme adhesiveness, which causes it to quickly dry and cake in to hard blocks. Parua is a light coloured sandy soil, found in many forms. It is usually less rich in organic matter, but its finer texture makes it more responsive to manure and irrigation. Raker is refuse soil which occurs on sloping ground, where the action of water has tended to denude the earth of all its better qualities.
Land Use Pattern
|Category||Area (Hectare)||Percentage Area|
|Total Reporting Area||415948||100|
|Area Under Forest||23520||5.6|
|Non Agriculture Area||31094||7.4|
|Net Sown Area||324935||78.1|
Only 27.7% land are irrigated land in hamirpur. The distribution of area of land irrigated by different sources of irrigation are as under. Canals are the main source of irrigation and are constructed by the different rivers like Yamuna, Betwa, Dashan, Barma, Ken, Chandrawal and Pandwaha.
|Sources||Area Irrigated (Hectare)||Percentage Area|
There are three harvests, the autumn or Kharif have usually known as siyari, and the spring or Rabi as Unhari. The Ziad or extra harvest is insignificabt in this area. Gram, Wheat, Barley, Peas, Arhar and Masoor are the main crops of Rabi. Jwar, Rice, Bajra, Urd, Moong and Moth are the main crops of Kharif. Melon, water-melon, bitter guard, pumpkin are the main crops of Zaid
|Crop||Area Sown (Hectare)||Percentage Area|